Castration is the most effective method to prevent and control diseases such as tumors, infections, dysplasias, epilepsy, hemophilia, sexually transmitted diseases etc.
The early sterilization is performed even before the animal reaches sexual maturity. For example, while this topic is a source of discussion among pet owners, it is a very successful method of combating the overpopulation of on-the-street animals. In addition, many degenerative diseases can be prevented.
What exactly is meant by sterilization?
Sterilization or castration is an operation that removes the reproductive organs of females and males. The testicles are removed from the males, while the females remove the ovaries and uterus. This surgery is usually a short procedure and takes place under general anesthesia.
The purpose of this intervention is mainly to control the reproduction of the animals. It is the basis for preventing overpopulation of road-going animals and for combating abuse and the abandonment of animals. In fact, actions for free mass sterilization have paid off in some countries.
It should also be remembered that castration is one of the most effective ways to prevent certain diseases. These include tumors, infections, dysplasia, epilepsy, hemophilia, venereal diseases, etc. These advantages are particularly evident in early sterilization.
In many cases, castration is not performed for biological or physical reasons, but because of the behavior of the animal. A large proportion of pets are castrated to balance their temper and reduce the risk of aggressive behavior. Early sterilization can do just that.
What is special about early sterilization?
The early sterilization should be performed before the sexual maturity of the animal at about six to eight months. The exact age at which the procedure should take place varies according to the sex, age, behavior, and health of the animal. Dogs and cats, whether males or females are usually sterilized/neutered between the ages of three and four months.
The method was developed after studies on female animals living on the street revealed that they were pregnant before the age of six months. Many veterinarians see early castration as the most effective method of preventing and controlling the overpopulation of on-the-road animals.
Another advantage of puppy sterilization is the low level of anesthetics and sedatives compared to adult animals that must be used in the surgery. The lighter anesthesia causes a faster and more effective recovery: Puppies are back in shape just a few hours after the procedure. And contrary to the old and widespread misconception, the small size of the organs does not complicate the operation.
The benefits of early sterilization
- In females, this prevents hormone fluctuations during heat and fake pregnancies. It means the animals will be quieter overall, no males will be attracted and they will not soil the house with blood.
- After castration, males no longer feel the urge to rip off to mark foreign territory or to track runaway females.
The majority of dogs and cats neutered early are generally lovelier and less prickly.
- Early sterilization favors the education and socialization of our pets. That is also the reason why almost all service and competition dogs are castrated early.
- Uncastrated females have a three-fold increased risk of developing ovarian, genital and uterine cancer compared to prematurely sterilized animals. The same applies to males and the chance of contracting prostate cancer.
Myths about the early sterilization of pets
There are many rumors about the negative consequences of early castration of pets. However, the reported disadvantages are very rare and do not justify exposing the animal to the obvious risk of developing degenerative or fatal diseases.
For example, a common rumor is that castrated animals are always overweight. While it is true that they often tend to be overweight after such an operation, having a well-adjusted and healthy lifestyle allows the weight of the animal to be well controlled. A balanced diet and adequate and regular exercise is recommended.
The biggest risk of castration is,
To carry out the operation too late. Sterilization of older animals has a variety of complications. It is therefore very important to consider the age of our pet in order to take advantage of the benefits of early sterilization and to ensure the health and well-being of our beloved four-legged friend.
Without question, no surgery should be performed without prior consultation and advice from a veterinarian. In addition, early sterilization in no way replaces the need for good education and training or the socialization of the animal.