Due to the rapid progression, anaphylactic reactions require immediate treatment to prevent major health damage to the dog.
Dog anaphylaxis is an acute, widespread and very rapid immune reaction. It is an extremely severe and accelerated allergic process that releases enormous amounts of mediators and cells in the blood.
As a result of this process, the cardiovascular and respiratory system of the animal may be disturbed and weakened. In the worst case, it comes to an allergic shock.
Due to the rapid progression, anaphylactic reactions require immediate treatment to prevent major health damage to the dog. In this article, we’ll show you how to detect and treat anaphylaxis in dogs.
Symptoms of anaphylaxis in dogs
The symptoms of anaphylaxis in dogs are different from those of humans and vary from animal to animal. In some dogs, for example, a change in their behavior can be detected. Some dogs become lethargic while others become hyperactive, irritable or anxious.
If the dog is not treated fast enough, the symptoms of anaphylaxis increase. Many animals are already in a comatose state when they are admitted to the veterinary clinic, which makes treatment even more difficult. In particularly severe cases, the animal may collapse and even die.
For this reason, it is very important to bring your four-legged friend immediately to the veterinarian, if it shows the following symptoms:
- Nettle-like rash accompanied by extreme itching and therefore excessive scratching
- The dog loses control of the urinary urgency and defecation and therefore empties suddenly.
- Fluid retention and swelling, especially with insect bites
- Excessive production of saliva, the dog drools heavily
- Heavy breathing or breathing problems
- Laxity and / or lethargy often accompanied by a faint pulse
Hyperactivity, almost always accompanied by tachycardia
- Seizures, cramps in the extremities, which also feel cold
Causes of anaphylaxis in dogs
As with the symptoms, the causes associated with anaphylaxis are very diverse and vary from patient to patient. The most common causes of anaphylactic reaction in animals are:
- Allergic reaction to an insect bite caused by wasps, bees, mosquitoes etc.
- Contact or ingestion of chemical substances, highly toxic products or foods, such as grapes, chocolate, toxins, etc.
- Medicines or vaccines, especially penicillin
Risk factors for anaphylaxis in dogs
Dogs that have already been diagnosed with allergies belong to the risk group and are more susceptible to anaphylactic reactions. Especially those dogs that are sensitive to several factors.
However, even without a history and diagnosed allergies, dogs may experience an anaphylactic reaction if exposed to allergens for a long time.
According to experts, cardiovascular diseases and albinism are among the risk factors that can trigger anaphylaxis in dogs.
Treatment of anaphylaxis in dogs
In many cases, a dog with anaphylaxis must undergo immediate and lengthy treatment. He is usually given intravenous fluids, antihistamines and anti-inflammatories to stabilize body functions. However, the effectiveness of the treatment depends mainly on the condition in which the animal arrives at the clinic.
As soon as you notice symptoms of an allergic reaction in your dog, it is essential to take him to the vet.
Is it possible to prevent anaphylaxis in dogs?
A first preventive measure for anaphylaxis in dogs is the prevention or control of the risk factors associated with the disease. If you live in an area with a high number of insects, it is advisable to use a dog-compatible insect repellent.
Although there are a variety of different (home-made or industrial) remedies, we advise against simply giving the dog any product without first consulting the veterinarian.
If you have never done an allergy test on your dog, you should tell your vet about it. Especially if you have changed the diet of your four-legged friend, or noticed a change in his behavior or on his body.
Cardiovascular problems can be prevented or combated in most cases by switching to a healthy lifestyle. A balanced
Diet, regular exercise, vaccinations, deworming and proper medical care keep the dog healthy.
Some animals that have already been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease may need medication for an extended period of time or even their entire lives.
It is equally important to keep our home tidy and to keep potentially toxic substances out of the reach of our pets. These include detergents, cosmetics, poisons, medicines, etc.