What are the mandatory vaccinations for dogs?

To prevent dangerous diseases in your dog, you should have your four-legged vaccine

To prevent certain infectious diseases, there are some mandatory vaccines for pets. In addition, there are other voluntary vaccinations, which may vary depending on the geographical location or the health of the animal. In the following report we will tell you more about the treatments that are supposed to protect your dog from certain diseases.

Obligatory vaccinations and the health of your dog

At about 12 weeks, puppies are vaccinated for the first time. In the weeks before, the antibodies that take the dogs with the breast milk support the fight against pathogens. Once the young are no longer nursed by their mother, they can and must be vaccinated.

If you take a dog with him, this should have received his mandatory vaccinations and you get a vaccination certificate from the breeder. However, if the dog has not been primed, he should not be in contact with other animals, as he is more prone to catching a disease or infection.

During vaccination, the dog is injected with antigens of a specific virus. In this way, the organism is stimulated to react to the microorganisms and to build up antibodies against them in order to prevent them from spreading in the body.

After vaccination, your dog’s immune system may be weakened and he may become ill (similar to human flu shots). Due to this temporary immunodeficiency it is important that the dog is protected from viruses and bacteria during this time. Thanks to the vaccination, the dog will not be able to catch the disease he has been immunized against in the future.

Because of the vaccine protection, it is unlikely that your four-legged friend will later develop life-threatening or fatal diseases. In addition, the transmission from animal to human is prevented, as is the case with rabies, for example.

Mandatory vaccinations (as well as additional voluntary vaccinations) should only be carried out if the animal is healthy and in good physical shape. Side effects of vaccinations are completely normal and almost always occur.

These include, for example, high fever in the hours after vaccination, the development of bruises, pimples, itching or cysts, especially in the area around the puncture site. A cyst arises especially when the animal has not behaved quietly during the injection or the injection liquid has not drained off with the blood.

If the cyst still does not disappear after a few days, you should bring your four-legged to the vet again.

These are the obligatory vaccinations in dogs

Officially there is no compulsory vaccination for dogs in Germany, but only as long as the animal does not leave the country. Each owner can decide for himself whether or not to vaccinate his animal. Nevertheless, for the benefit of the animal, it should be primed immunized and the vaccinations regularly (at intervals of about 1 – 3 years) to be refreshed. However, traveling with the animal to other EU countries requires an EU vaccination certificate and vaccination against the following diseases:

  • Parvovirosis (8, 12 and 16 weeks and 15 months)
    Distemper (with 8, 12 and 16 weeks and 15 months)
  • Hepatitis (8 and 12 weeks and 15 months)
  • Leptospirosis (at 8 and 12 weeks and 15 months)
  • Rabies (12 and 16 weeks and 15 months)

In addition to the vaccines against the most common diseases, the following vaccinations are recommended for dogs:

  • Kennel cough
  • Lyme disease
  • Canines herpes virus

The rabies vaccine already works from the second week after vaccination and the dog is immune to the disease from that point on. This vaccine, when properly used, provides 100% protection lasting one year. The second vaccine usually lasts for two to three years.

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