To recognize disease symptoms early is a prerequisite for the health of our dogs. For serious illnesses, it can even save their lives.
To protect our pets from certain diseases, we should be thoroughly informed about the health of our four-legged friends. For if we know the disease symptoms and bring our pet quickly to the vet, the chance of quick and complete healing is much greater. In this article, we want to inform you about the common dog diseases.
Common dog diseases
It is very important that you pay attention to changes in your pet’s behavior. Because often they are the first signs that something is wrong with your four-legged friend.
Not always are the symptoms as obvious as vomiting or diarrhea. Sometimes dog diseases are only manifested by exceptional tiredness or laxity or changes in the eating behavior of the animal. The most common dog diseases include the following:
- Otitis media
This infectious disease occurs mainly in dog breeds with long floppy ears, such as the Cocker Spaniel or the Bloodhound. However, it can also occur in all other dogs that were in contact with water or moisture.
If your dog is scratching its ears frequently or holding its head crooked, or at worst it smells bad and leaves yellowish fluid, it is very likely that it suffers from otitis media.
In some cases, the distemper can not be clearly diagnosed and is therefore also referred to as the “disease of a thousand symptoms”. These symptoms include, but are not limited to, coughing, sneezing, vaginal discharge, fever, diarrhea, nervous twitching, etc.
Mange is a skin disease that can also affect cats or even humans. This disease is caused by microscopic parasites, the mites, which are boring into the skin, causing infections.
Two types of mange are particularly common in dogs: sarcoptic mange, which is transmitted through contact with infected animals, and demodicosis. The latter can be attributed to problems with the immune system and genetic predisposition.
- Inner parasites
Dogs are most commonly affected by tapeworms. These worms are shallow, nesting in the intestine of the animal and feeding on the food that the host ingests. The tapeworms are transmitted through dog piles of infested animals or raw or incompletely boiled food.
Therefore, it is important to deworm your dog regularly and according to the instructions of a veterinarian. Not only puppies need to be dewormed. Even adult animals can suffer from worm infestations. Sometimes you can even see the worms in the piles of infected animals.
Osteoarthritis is one of the most common dog diseases and affects mainly old dogs and is typical of some breeds, such as the German Shepherd or Doberman. Osteoarthritis is an inflammation and degeneration of the joints and often occurs in the hip and knee joints.
The risk of osteoarthritis increases if the animal is overweight or under-powered.
This disease primarily affects the digestive system of the animal, but can also lead to a decrease in the number of red blood cells in the blood and thus affect the heart and intestinal function.
Symptoms of parvovirus in dogs include vomiting, loss of appetite, blood in the feces, fatigue, diarrhea, depression, lack of energy and dehydration. The good news is that you can prevent this disease with a vaccine.
This disease is more common than we think, and in most cases, we do not even notice that our pet is suffering. Gastritis is an inflammation or irritation of the gastric mucosa and is caused by poor diet. Causes include unsuitable food, too many portions or too fast eating.
Typical symptoms of gastritis are vomiting and flatulence (with a bloated abdomen), but it can also lead to loss of appetite and weight loss, listlessness and excessive salivation.
This disease is transmitted by a mosquito species and is particularly prevalent in certain parts of Europe. The symptoms of leishmaniasis can be very different. The most successful way to prevent the infection by the destruction of the causer.
Do not leave any water containers in the open air (this will prevent the insects from laying their eggs there), spray your doors and windows with bug spray (to keep them away from the house) and protect your four-legged friend from the annoying mosquitoes (eg with spot-on preparations).